# Problem set 1

Due by 11:59 PM on Tuesday, January 26, 2021

## Instructions

You must submit all assignments either as a PDF document. Answer all questions carefully and neatly. Use section headings to distinguish what question you are answering. If the question involves a graph, copy/paste the graph into your document and make sure the graph has a title and informative axes labels.

## Task 1: Office-selling and long-run growth in Colonial Peru

1. Let’s finish up our in-class assignment. Download this data on governorship prices and contemporary development in Peru. Using a pivot table, calculate the average level of toilethouse and schoolyears for each district in the data. Plot the relationship between the two new variables that you calculated, and include a trend-line. What is the relationship between the two? Describe it in simple terms. Would you say these variables are good measures of how developed a district is? Why or why not?

2. Now, also with a pivot table, calculate the average of a contemporary development outcome (e.g., schooling, toilets, or household consumption) and of logged wartime sales prices for each colonial province in the data. Plot the relationship between average logged wartime sales prices (x-axis) and the development outcome you picked (y-axis), and include a trend-line. What does the relationship look like? Do districts that fetched higher prices in colonial times tend to be better off or worse off today?

3. What does this suggest about the effect that selling governorships had on the quality of governance?

Variable dictionary
original labels
provincia colonial province name
district contemporary district name
meanpriceh avg log office price per capita during peace
meanprice avg log office price per capita during war
toilethouse share of households in district with indoor toilets
schoolyears highest educational level attained (0-21 years)
lhhequiv log of equivalent household consumption minus transfers in normal prices

Choose a country in Latin America that you are curious about. For each letter in your first name, find a noun that starts with the same letter as your name. Use whatever source you want (the readings, Wikipedia, etc.). Write one sentence for each letter in your first name explaining the significance of that noun. Be specific. Example:

• J is for Jefferson, a Founding Father who helped write the Declaration of Independence and an influential thinker in American political thought.
• A is for apple, as in “as American as apple pie”, a common saying in the US to describe something quintessentially American1